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Travel to Canada page1


A RECOLLECTION OF MY TRAVELS
IN CANADA -  HIGH LATITUDE CANADA
A HISTORICAL JOURNEY - QUEBEC

This handwritten and hitherto unpublished account could be that of an ethnologist concerned with Canada's economic and ecological future – game, forests, seals … It can be dated back to circa 1889/1890 thanks to a cross-check : in the notes written by one of his sons, Gilbert F. Garnier, born in 1874, and titled "Memories of my youth", the author, then aged fifteen, relates the occurrence of their finding plankton, which we shall read further down.
The maps of that period (pages 2 ;12 ;14), courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin, will prove indispensable to follow the itinerary related below.
The maps of that period (pages 2 ;12 ;14), courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin, will prove indispensable to follow the itinerary related below.
"I believe that the publication of some of the notes I jotted down during my latest journeys to Canada could be of some interest to the readers of my "Tour du Monde" series of books, this all the more considering I have traveled through regions still unknown to tourists.
In our present day and age, a good deal of courage is required to undertake speaking about North America. However, "there is no harvested and gleaned field that does not still contain an ear of wheat" as goes the Spanish saying which will henceforth be my excuse.
From France, the fastest and most comfortable way to cross the Atlantic is to reach New York via Le Havre. However, the most agreeable for a tourist yearning for strong emotions is to follow the northernmost itinerary, that followed by steamships which sail from Liverpool, follow Ireland's west coast, leave it by the north, then head for the American coast of Labrador, pass through the Strait of Belle Isle cluttered with ice floats, thus doubling the north of Newfoundland, and spend an entire day sailing full steam along Île d'Anticosti which is still awaiting the daring pioneers who will exploit its vast albeit too harsh expanses … ; at last, here are the gates of the St Lawrence, the most imposing venue of penetration into the American hinterland. This itinerary requires one, for instance, not to fear staying on the deck under drizzle, snow, gusts and when one is often submerged by high waves.
 There is indeed no smooth sailing in these parts, but what a reward is the spectacle of this powerful and fiery nature where the waters, the winds and the clouds seem to play with our powerful steamship like a child with his ball!
In fact, it is a man who actually prevails: he can be seen standing erect at the wheel,
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