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Factories and Industry (page 1)


The beginning of the first text: "Its Origins" makes us become acquainted with its second son: EFG Garnier, then 16 years old. He is the only one who survived to him: We saw that the elder one had died in Coolgardie and the youngest: Alain Garnier, lawyer at the Court in Paris was killed in 1914. EFG Garnier, whom I knew and appreciated, very much, had himself a daughter and two sons whose elder one was my father-in-law. Thanks to the manuscript of EFG Garnier, of easy and agreeable writing entitled "Old Memories" we know about the travel, which he made to USA with his father, JJ Garnier, in summer 1890:  "At that time, they had discovered recently in Canada important reserves of an ore containing mainly copper and nickel in sulphide state. A company had been formed in Cleveland (Ohio) but the engineers had not succeeded until then to extract these metals in a state of sufficient purity, this is why my father had been called in consultation.

I well remember this first departure in the summer of 1890. The transatlantic train had just deposited me on the warf of the port of Le Havre... Cleveland is located on a hill of small elevation from which the slope goes down gently to the shore. Its high part is spread out over a ground rather vast where it can easily develop. There are the residential districts, the banks, the offices. A broad way - EUCLID Avenue- that runs the shore parallel lengthens until it emerges in the countryside. It is bordered of beautiful and solid freestone constructions of which one, which dominates its neighbors from the top of its 12 floors, is the property of Mr. Payne, the president of 'Canadian Cooper Cy' to whom my father was going.

My father gets in touch with the managers of 'Canadian Cooper Cy'. Mr. Payne is a good old man looking exactly like Uncle Sam all shaven except the white goatee under the chin, black frock coat, small broad finger black tie, top hat. They said he was owner of most part of the city and controls various big businesses. He is a senator of the State of Ohio i.e. about the first political dignitary of this State. We will see him a rather short time. Unaffected and full of bonhomie, he comes each day a little to the office during a few minutes and he withdraws. It is his son-in-law Mr. Bingham who represents him in C C C Y.: 40 to 45 years old, elegant, correct and speaking a very good French. Well educated and running of a large company in the kind of Jappy France. Mr. Macintosh is a general secretary of the new company. He also wears the beard of the Uncle Sam but of a beautiful red carrot. Large, harsh, puritan appearance.

Two other characters, old Mr. Cornell, big and vulgar Mr. Allen rounds off the rather disparate committee joined together around a long table with the green carpet. My father speaks in English easily, thoroughly and lively while the motivated, sometimes amused or sceptics Americans, listening and making rare comments. There were thus rather many meetings but with good intervals which enabled us to see something of the city, of not much interest by itself .The presence of a fifteen years old boy among a board of managers was quite useless so Mr. Bingham proposed to install me at his home during some days….
 
However the conferences ended and it had been decided there my father would examine the exploitation of the ore there in the East-Canada. We thus left for SudBury in company of MM. Cornell and Allen and there was still a rather long distance to be traveled along. First, the train brings us back to Buffalo and we stop to go to see Niagara falls... At the end of our voyage, the station of SudBury where yet starts the junction going to the higher Lake is no more important. Around the hut one sees neither fields nor roads: However, a railway engine is there which awaits and we climb there all the four of us. In a few minutes it drives us to the center of the exploitation. There, in always so bleak a landscape, raise some small wooden houses. We will find accommodation in one of them…. Several shafts are already on work and some bore holes are made around to acknowledge the extent of the deposit and the quality of the ore. The samples (the carrots as they say) are methodically arranged in a hut. As for the ore drawn from the well they spread it on several superimposed layers alternating with as many layers of wood; they set it on fire in order to obtain, by the elimination of part of sulphur, a more concentrated product . Those fires which cover several hectares spread irritating and unbearable vapors. 

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