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Factories and Industry (page 3)


For a biography which claims to be genuine, full of imagery, vivid, the sight of his son on these professional trips is invaluable but let the person concerned explain lengthily how, starting from his initial exploratory journey, he was involved in launching by himself a new industry and to install factories: He writes in the report upon the nickel copper and platinum mines of the district of Sudbury (Canada): "In the presence of these nickel ore deposits which appear enormous one wondered initially if the uses of the nickel, which is, after all, a completely modern metal, would be enough to absorb the production of these new mines: it is the problem which I wondered about myself in 1875, when I began my studies on the metallurgy of the nickel ores of New Caledonia that I knew so abundant since I met them emerging all over the place and mainly from one shore to another in the direction east-west near Canala, forming like an enormous veined mass several kilometers thick north-south; at this time there, the consumption of nickel was unimportant; besides the known mines were insufficient to provide to a somewhat serious request and it had been enough to an order of a few thousands of kilos for a small business of currency to make the prices of nickel raise overmuch. However, having melted first of all with the crucible' braqué' with a suitable flow of the ore of New Caledonia that I had brought, I got a very high-carbon iron and Nickel ' régule' of metal, but crashing under the hammer before cracking in a surprising way.

Very accustomed to this kind of tests like former Head Engineer of department of the blast furnaces during two years in the Company of the Steel-works of the navy and the Railroads (Vierzon and Givors) this occurrence strongly struck me; There at once I saw with most obvious clarity the starting point of an enormous nickel consumption reduced to alloy with iron under all the forms this metal puts on in industry; my patents of 1876 testify, I could say, my enthusiasm; without speaking of my French patent of February 15, 1876 which is known the most, I said in my English patent of March 20, 1876 under the title: 'Manufacture of ferronickel or introduction of nickel as an alloy with iron into the metallurgy of iron'... In conclusion of this patent, I wrote:' by these nickel and iron alloys, I create, so to speak, a higher metal or above the best products in steel industry': a metal which achieves the goal that one seeks since so a long time having at the same time a high degree of tenacity with a great malleability and only one weak tendency to oxidation."

"This extract of my patents shows all the price which I attached to a new horizon of consumption of nickel: its introduction into the metallurgy of iron. But the realization of the same design itself based on decisive experiments always requires time and money: it was necessary for me to begin modestly in the nickel metallurgy and to match a good manufacture with the lack of suitable apparatuses, without speaking of many other difficulties. The Company founded in 1876 under the corporate name: 'J Garnier, H. Marbeau the elder and Co, which, by successive modifications became the current Company: 'Le Nickel', was able to exhibit among other in 1878: 1° smelting of ferronickel with 70 % of nickel, produced in the blast furnace that I had put together in Nouméa at the Chaleix Point, which was put to fire on December 10, 1877. The first cast contained 61,50 % of nickel. The engineer was Mr. Caulry; Mr.Higginson, who had dealt with me for my methods of manufacture of ferronickel, the main sponsor;

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