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Factories and Industry (page 7)

the Lithology of the sea-bottom layers keeps him on in a report and extracts of a 600 pages work by Mr. Delesse including maps of the ground surfaces immersed using of various hues of color according to the mineralogical character of the rocks which compose them. The article extends largely up on " France at the various geological times". Nothing yet about nodules.

We will see finally why and how Jules Garnier is interested in the "Human Migrations in Oceania according to the natural facts".

It is a report which joins together a beam of arguments in order to put forward the assumption that one could express as follows: if one takes account of the high antiquity of the man on the earth, of the influence of the winds on his migrations and the general streams, there must have been constant exchanges around the sphere between the grounds one can see from one tropic to another; there was thus from east to west not only a circular stream of the atmosphere, a current of the sea, but still a human current also, says he; our current knowledge on the intertropical people, in spite of their insufficiency, show us between them all obvious relations of practice, of language and it could not be any differently.

These arguments are based for example on a table of 149 observations of the winds, made on the shore, with about equal intervals, in 1866 at the observatory of Nouméa. It appears there that the winds from west never blew without interruption more than one day in continuation, the winds of the North-West more than four days and only once; as for the winds of south-east, they blow about the remainder of time and per periods which reach 20 days. If the Polynesians came from America, it is possible to find arguments in the analogies of language, in the similarity of the habits and the general style of life. There, he says: "I will add in this respect I have bamboos on which were engraved with the teeth of a shell and by the natives the principal details of one of our forwardings in New Caledonia. This speaking writing is used by American and the Polynesians."

Of this are brought closer twelve other similarities. All the second part of the work seeks and finds its evidence in the study of the language calédonien despairing by the number of dialects. He puts apart three principal, analyzes the terms, the rules of syntax in about fifteen tables and concludes with Mr. Gaussin that: "the polynesianis the meeting of the two languages: this author thinks that this mixture had to be done only in small proportions in what looks at the invading language for the polynesian has, in spite of this intrusion, preserved as a whole all the characters of a mother language and homogeneous. Although these unspecified problems are hardly comparable with those of which mathematics is occupied, one can, nevertheless, see here a kind of proof rather similar to those which confirm the accuracy of certain operations of arithmetic calculation."

  You said structuralism? (Structuralism: current of thought resulting from the linguistics and which treats human facts as symbolic elements of a unit that can be deciphered)

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